What's Taught

SIT

The "sit" exercise is probably the most practical skill you can teach your dog. Whether you're waiting at the curb of a crowded street or competing in an obedience trial, you'll thank yourself (and your dog) for taking the time to master this exercise.
Find a quiet indoor environment with few distractions. Start by using a small piece of food to lure your dog's nose to point upward (toward the treat) and move the treat backwards over his head so that he naturally lowers his haunches to a sitting position. Don't hold the treat too high or he may jump up for it.
Be prepared: As soon as he sits, give him the treat food. Repeat the exercise, adding the word "sit," so the dog can learn quickly what you expect of him; rather than forcing his body into position, allow him to discover what is required on his own. (Note: If your dog jumps at the food, you're probably holding it up too high).

DOWN
The down command is probably the most useful command that an owner can teach his dog. A dog that lies down on command to receive food and treats is showing a high level of respect for its owner. If a dog is fearful, teaching him to lie down and relax is a first and necessary step in desensitizing him to his fears.
Start with your dog sitting. Then pinch a morsel of delicious food between your thumb and forefinger. Show the food treat to your dog to bait his interest and then lower your hand slowly toward the ground. The dog will follow the semi-concealed food item with his nose until your hand touches the ground.At this point he may have already gone down but, if not, will be hunched over, banana-shaped, with his head and rear-end close to or touching the ground. Now draw the food treat away from the dog so that he follows your fingers as you move the treat progressively further away. With luck, the dog will stretch out toward the disappearing food and will slump to the ground ... in a Down position. .

OTHER EXERCISES

HEEL WORK. STAY, LEAVE, RECALL -come when called, SOCIALISATION, FOOD REFUSAL, GOOD MANNERS AND RESPONSIBLE OWNERSHIP.

TIPS
Always be consistent to avoid confusing your dog.
Be patient. If you find yourself getting annoyed with your dog during training, stop what you are doing, walk away and do something different. Try training later on in a different frame of mind.
Train for short spells on a regular basis. This will help to keep your dog interested.
Your dog needs to know its name so that you can gain its attention. This is essential learning for the dog before you can expect it to respond to commands and signals.
Start as you mean to go on. Do not allow your dog to develop bad habits.
Dogs respond to body movements and different voice tones, which can all be used in training.
Understand your dog and learn to anticipate its next move.
Handle and stroke your dog gently every day with constant praise so that it gets used to being handled.
Play adds an extra dimension to a dog’s life and can make training fun.
Remember that a trained dog is a happy dog so persevere!

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